Fenugreek is a plant also known as Alholva, Bird's Foot, Bockshornklee, Bockshornsame, Chandrika, Fenogreco, Foenugraeci Semen, Greek Clover, Greek Hay, Greek Hay Seed, Hu Lu Ba, Medhika, Methi, Sénégrain, Trigonella, Woo Lu Bar, and other names. No side effects were observed.84, High levels of polyphenolic flavonoids (more than 100 mg per 100 g) have been isolated from fenugreek seeds.17 These were associated with dose-dependent protection of erythrocytes from antioxidant damage in an in vitro study.18, Models of toxicity in laboratory studies (including cardio-, hepato-, nephro-, and neurotoxicity) have shown that fenugreek exerts antioxidant protective effects.19, 20, 21, 22, 23. Last updated on Dec 20, 2018. Although poisonous, saponins are poorly absorbed by the human body and so most pass through without harm. It is important to fully inform your doctor about the herbal, vitamins, mineral or any other supplements you are taking before any kind of surgery or medical procedure. The remaining residue is rich in nitrogen and potassium, and is used as an agricultural fertilizer.2, 3, The leaves contain at least 7 saponins, known as graecunins, which are glycosides of diosgenin. The mucilages of fenugreek's and several other plants' seeds have been determined and their hydrolysates analyzed.11 Fenugreek gel consists chiefly of galactomannans, characterized by their high water-holding capacity. Studies in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypercholesterolemia have used from 1 g/day of a hydroalcoholic extract of fenugreek up to 100 g/day of germinated fenugreek seeds, whereas seed powder 1.8 to 2.7 g taken 3 times daily for the first 3 days of menstruation was used in primary dysmenorrhea (total daily dose, 5.4 to 8.1 g); 500 mg twice daily of a standardized extract was studied for management of postmenopausal symptoms. [Source 47)] Fenugreek seeds. Anti-implantation and abortifacient effects have been demonstrated in female rodents and rabbits, whereas reduced sperm counts and motility, genetic damage in germ cells, and toxic effects on testicular tissue were seen in male animals. It should also be manufactured by a reliable company that uses GMP certified facilities and have few additional ingredients. Fenugreek seed powder dosage was 1.8 to 2.7 g taken 3 times daily for the first 3 days of menstruation (total daily dose, 5.4 to 8.1 g). Reductions of serum cholesterol (15% to 33%) from baseline were reported in all the trials identified.47 Results from further studies conducted among patients with diabetes found equivocal results, with most reporting decreases in total cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein.8, 34, 89, Antifungal and antibacterial properties have been demonstrated.17 A French patent was granted to a product containing extracts of several herbal products, including fenugreek, purported to have activity against human and animal flagellate parasites.48, Oral administration of fenugreek seed fractions and fiber products resulted in dose-dependent gastric protection similar to that of nonprescription antacid medication.17, 49, 50, 77 Because of the association of Helicobacter pylori with gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer, in vitro experimentation was conducted in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells with 24 medicinal plants indigenous to Pakistan to evaluate their effect on secretion of IL-8 and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in order to assess anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects. Allergy to fenugreek is recognized, including severe responses such as asthma, anaphylaxis, and toxic epidermal necrosis. Isolation of the biologically active components or production of a more palatable extract, which would allow greater use of the plant, have been investigated.3, Suppression of interleukin production and allergic symptoms were demonstrated in rats pretreated with fenugreek extracts.12, 13, 14 Inhibition of the arachidonic acid pathway was demonstrated in mice,15 and studies in rats with induced arthritis have found positive effects on erythrocyte sedimentation rate, total white blood cells, and C-reactive protein.14, 16, There are very limited clinical data regarding the use of fenugreek as an anti-inflammatory agent. Common Problems. Fenugreek oilextracted from the fenugreek seeds is also used for diabetes control, muscle spasm, enh… Fenugreek has been a part of Siddha and Ayurvedic medicine for a very long time. While the seeds and leaves are primarily used as a culinary spice, it is also used to treat a variety of health problems in Egypt, Greece, Italy, and South Asia. Fenugreek is a widely used herbal agent, but data are insufficient to determine its efficacy and safety. Fenugreek seeds, also known as methi seeds, are a common ingredient in Indian curries, as well as Turkish, Persian, Eritrean, Ethiopian, and Egyptian cuisine. The seeds also contain the saponin fenugrin B. ---Description---The name comes from Foenum-graecum, meaning Greek Hay, the plant being used to scent inferior hay.The name of the genus, Trigonella, is derived from the old Greek name, denoting 'three-angled,' from the form of its corolla.The seeds of Fenugreek have been used medicinally all through the ages and were held in high repute among the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans for … Diosgenin, a precursor used in commercial steroid synthesis, is extracted from the seeds. Outcome measures included the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), and Hoehm and Yahr (H & Y) staging measured at baseline and at 6 months. Here are common names of Fenugreek: There are currently no items in this table. it made sourcing for it more easy for me. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. The name of the genus, Trigonella, derives from the Latin for "little triangle", in reference to the shape of fenugreek yellowish-white flowers. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. 68, 69, 70, 79, 86, 90, An outbreak of Escherichia coli–related diarrhea in France and Germany in 2011 was associated with fenugreek sprouts.71, 72 Fenugreek sprouts have also been associated with some outbreaks of hemolytic–uremic syndrome caused by Shiga-toxin–producing Escherichia coli O104:H4 in Europe.80, 81, False diagnosis of maple syrup urine disease (see Pregnancy/Lactation) has been reported in several infants who were given fenugreek-containing herbal teas.53, 73, 74 The developing nervous system in children seems to be susceptible to fenugreek toxicity as demonstrated in both human and animal studies. Cross-reactivity to chickpea, peanut, or coriander allergy is possible. Other names for the herbal spice include Greek hay, Greek hay seed, bird’s foot, Greek clover, foenugreek, sicklefruit fenugreek, hu lu ba, alholva, … With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Explore Fenugreek Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. A study conducted in 2011 evaluated the efficacy of fenugreek as a galactogogue; however, the extent of transmission of fenugreek-derived constituents into breast milk is unknown and efficacy has yet to be established.55 Compared to placebo and other galactogogues in a network meta-analysis (N=242; range, 22 to 122), fenugreek produced significantly more breast milk than placebo but not Coleus amboinicus or palm dates. 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