Jesus Christ mentioned this event and also "the men that were with" David (Matthew 12:3-4). "The Lord continued to appear at Shiloh" (1 Samuel 3:21). " "Ephrem Syrus thought that Doeg had committed some trespass, and was detained till he offered the appointed sacrifice. God revisited Shiloh! ", "So he changed his behavior ... and feigned madness" (1 Samuel 21:13). EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). This reminds us of what happened once in a big tent revival. Eighty-five priests lived at Nob, serving the tabernacle which had been set up there following the Philistine's destruction of Shiloh. Much of what David said here was an outright falsehood. It is written, not for us to do the like, no, not in the greatest straits, but for our warning. If many come in simplicity of heart to serve their God, others come to observe their teachers and to prove accusers. We little know with what hearts people come to the house of God, nor what use they will make of pretended devotion. 1 Samuel Images and Notes. And the servants of Achish said to him, "Is not this David the king of the land? In those days, … Such is a worthless rearrangement. One of Saul’s servants was there, and he was an Edomite, a chief herdsman of Saul. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of 1 Samuel taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. Resources » Commentaries » 1 Samuel » Chapter 21 » exegesis. " Payne thought that, "Doeg was unclean that day, and waiting to perform some religious obligation the next day. "Shall this fellow come into my house" (1 Samuel 21:15). (1) Keil supposed that, "The error was due to a lapse of memory in which Ahimelech was confounded with Abiathar. Here is where we learn that “Samuel was serving the LORD under Eli” (verse 1a; CEB), even though, quite unexpectedly, we hear just a few verses later that “Samuel … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-21" Those could have been let down by Michal as easily as she let down David outside the city wall. That this is a true chronological arrangement is certainly as likely as anything that 19th century or 20th century critical scholars have concocted in place of it. (21-23) Hannah keeps the child until he is weaned. Saul Tries to Kill David. Besides that, Jonathan had specifically warned David in the preceding chapter, "Hurry! Ahitub was a brother of Ichabod, making Ahimelech a great grandson of Eli. Introduction to 1 Samuel; 2. And David answered the priest, "Of a truth, women have been kept from us as always when I go on an expedition; the vessels of the young men are holy, even when it is a common journey; how much more today will their vessels be holy"? "Commentary on 1 Samuel 21:4". David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. ", "Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the Lord; he was Doeg the Edomite, the chief of Saul's herdsmen. None of the critical scholars whose works we have studied has been able to propose any better arrangement of the text than that which has come down to us; and some of the attempted rearrangements of the various episodes are not only unconvincing, but sometimes even ridiculous. Some were concealed, such as offering David one of his daughters in marriage (which required David to act valiantly in war to prove his worthiness as a husband – 18:17-29). ", "Is not this David the king of the land?" Here is David, anointed to be king; destined to rule over great lands and wealth, but living in caves on the run begging for food and fearing for his life. For example, the International Critical Commentary rejects the arrangement in this chapter, affirming that, "David had ample time to furnish himself for flight, after Jonathan bade him farewell," supposing that this journey of David to Nob must have happened that night when Michal let him down through the window. And Ahimelech was afraid when he met David, and said to him, "Why are you alone, and no one is with you?" Now then, what have you at hand? A. David meets Ahimelech the priest at Nob. The bread was a featured provision of the tabernacle and was replaced each week with hot bread. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. The International Critical Commentary interpretation here is that the words "from Saul" in this passage mean that, "He went directly to Achish from the presence of Saul. Bennett has a word of wisdom on this subject. David with his men did what was unlawful in taking and eating that bread (Matthew 12:3-4). The priests of Nob had every opportunity to weigh it. '" This clarifies the whole episode. And David said, "There is none like that; give it to me.". " The great prophet of the Lord Samuel as well as the prince had proved powerless to protect David. " This habit of turning things over to the sons was well established in Eli's family; and therefore we like Young's explanation as the better one. give [me] five [loaves of] bread in mine hand, or what … And David said to Ahimelech the priest, "The king has charged me with a matter, and said to me, `Let no one know anything of the matter about which I send you, and with which I have charged you. "And David rose and fled that day from Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. The two episodes recorded in this chapter are quite logically arranged exactly where they occur in our text. Do I lack madmen, that you have brought this fellow to play the madman in my presence? Verses 1-15 Chapter21 So David now fled to Nob to Ahimelech who was the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said to him, Why are you alone, why aren"t there men with you? Ahimelech — The chief priest, brother to that Ahiah, chap. Sign up for an account to try it FREE for 30 days. 1 Samuel 21 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. David's reply here has an element of humor in it. The Scripture does not conceal it, and we dare not justify it; it was ill done, and proved of bad consequence; for it occasioned the death of the priests of the Lord. This is a reference to the Showbread, or the bread of the Presence as prescribed in the Mosaic Law (Exodus 24:5-9). Unlike today, when the average child costs about $227,000 to raise, in a … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 1:9-11, 19-20; 2:1-10" She went to the temple at Shiloh to pray for God’s help. "If only the young men have kept themselves from women" (1 Samuel 21:5). The only scrap of truth in what he said regarded the fact that he seems to have had a number of men with him; and even that is not evident from this account. But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “ Not until the child is weaned; then I will take him, that he may appear before the LORD and remain there forever.” David, in distress, fled to the tabernacle of God. To whom else could he have gone, except to the Lord? "He went there to inquire of the Lord (1 Samuel 22:10), as he had done formerly (1 Samuel 5:15). DAVID'S IMMEDIATE FLIGHT TO ACHISH; KING OF GATH. Doeg set his foot as far within the tabernacle as David did. "It is not impossible that Doeg was detained in the sanctuary for some crime. (Psalm 73:16-17). "It is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod" (1 Samuel 21:9). "The king has charged me with a matter" (1 Samuel 21:2). And the priest answered David, "I have no common bread at hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women." David thought he could find anonymity or sympathy among the ungodly Philistines in Gath, but he was wrong. "Ahimelech was the son of Ahitub, either a brother of Ahijah, or Ahijah himself. All other rights reserved. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. " "Ahimelech and Ahijah are probably equivalent names of the same person.". Anointed! Apparently, although 1 Samuel 21 doesn’t detail it, the Philistines captured David when he came to Gath. "And David arose and fled that day from Saul" (1 Samuel 21:10). "Exodus 19:15 declares that one prerequisite for approaching holy things is to keep oneself from sexual intercourse. As Willis explained, "The servants of Achish recognized David and assumed that he was king of Israel on the basis of that song sung by the women of Israel (1 Samuel 18:7). God always gives us the best we will take, for his mercy endureth forever. 1. The *Lord calls Samuel. This is a disputed text, but David may have meant here that, "Even if the bread were common bread, it would become consecrated by the consecrated vessel in which he proposed to carry it. David thought upon it afterward with regret. " It could be that the enforcement upon Doeg of some disciplinary action resulted in the hatred that must have entered into his heartless slaughter of that whole priestly community. Hither David resorted, for a supply of his necessities, which he supposed he might receive here, without danger of being betrayed into Saul's hands: and principally, that in this great distress, he might receive comfort and counsel from the Lord. 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